站内查询
您现在的位置是:主页 > 官方赌真钱的手机游戏app > 2019年俄罗斯人均GDP预计略低于全球平均水平,那中国、巴西、印
2019年俄罗斯人均GDP预计略低于全球平均水平,那中国、巴西、印
2020-01-08 01:59  www.ramsutra.com

2019年,俄罗斯经济有好有坏,有缺陷也有亮点。亮点是在2019年俄罗斯的农业、工业发展都超过了能源产业,使得俄罗斯经济结构进一步优化。数据显示,前11个月,俄罗斯的粮食产量已经达到了亿吨,比2018年全年的粮食总产量提升了1000万吨。

In 2019, Russia's economy is good and bad, with flaws and bright spots. The bright spot is that in 2019 Russia's agricultural and industrial development overtook the energy industry, making the Russian economic structure further optimized. According to the data, Russia's grain production has reached 100 million tons in the first 11 months, up 10 million tons from the total for the full year of 2018.

此外,俄罗斯在2019年还加大了猪肉、禽肉、鱼类、水果、蔬菜等农产品的出口,出口总额有望达到250亿美元,同比增长4%。2019年前11个月,俄罗斯工业生产同比增长%。按照当前发展趋势,2019年全年俄罗斯工业生产增速继续在%到%之间波动。

In addition, Russia has increased its exports of pork, poultry, fish, fruit, vegetables and other agricultural products in 2019, with total exports expected to reach $25 billion, up 4 percent year on year. Russian industrial production increased% year-on-year in the first 11 months of 2019. In line with current trends, Russian industrial production growth continued to fluctuate between% and% throughout 2019.

缺点就是,俄罗斯经济整体仍然不高。2019年前三季度,俄罗斯GDP同比实际增速仅约为%,即便第四季度有望达到%的增长,但2019年全年的经济实际增速预计只有%左右。

The drawback is that the Russian economy as a whole remains low. Russia's GDP grew only about% year-on-year in the first three quarters of 2019, and even if it is expected to grow at% in the fourth quarter, it is expected to grow only about% for the whole of 2019.

南生注意到,由于与欧佩克达成减产协议以及价格下降的原因,俄罗斯油气出口收入与往年相比缩减较大,拉低了经济增速。这意味着,当前的俄罗斯经济增长依然大量依赖能源产业。其他行业在国民经济中的分量不足,除少数行业外,都仅仅是微弱增长,经济缺乏持久推动力。

Nansheng notes that russia's oil and gas export revenues have shrunk sharply compared with previous years, slowing economic growth as a result of a cut-off deal with opec and falling prices. This means that Russia ' s current economic growth remains heavily dependent on the energy industry. Other sectors do not have sufficient weight in the national economy, except for a few sectors, are only weak growth, lack of sustained economic impetus.

按照IMF(国际货币基金组织)的预测,2019年俄罗斯的名义GDP预计为万亿美元——虽然俄经济增速是“正数”,但由于卢布贬值,使得俄罗斯的GDP在换算成美元后要比2018年的万亿美元略有下降。

Russia's nominal GDP is expected to be $trillion in 2019, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF)– and while Russia's growth rate is "positive ", the depreciation of the ruble has led to a slight decline in its GDP from $trillion in 2018.

同样的,2019年俄罗斯的人均GDP预计也由上年的万美元,下降为万美元——要低于同期全球人均(IMF预测2019年全球人均GDP为万美元)水平了。这意味着,在2019年金砖五国的人均GDP都达不到全球平均水平。

Likewise, Russia's per capita GDP in 2019 is projected to fall to $10,000 from $10,000 a year earlier – below the level of the global per capita ($10,000 per capita by 2019) forecast by the IMF. This means that per capita GDP in the BRICS is below the global average in 2019.

按照IMF的预测,2019年咱们中国大陆的经济总量可达万亿美元(经济实际增速在%左右),人均GDP要突破1万美元,仍比俄罗斯的人均GDP以及全球平均水平更低一些。

According to the IMF, China's economy could total up to $1 trillion (the economy is growing at around%) in 2019, with per capita GDP exceeding $10,000, still somewhat lower than Russia's per capita GDP and the global average.

预计巴西在2019年经济实际增速为%左右,完成的GDP总量约为万亿美元,人均GDP下降到8800美元——前几年巴西人均GDP还在1万美元呢。短短两三年时间,由于遭遇到经济危机,货币贬值,使得人均GDP下降了1000多美元。

Brazil's economy is expected to grow at about% in real terms in 2019, with a total GDP of about $trillion completed and per capita GDP down to $8800– at $10,000 in previous years. In just two or three years, the devaluation of the currency caused per capita GDP to fall by more than $1,000 as a result of the economic crisis.

按照IMF的预测,2019年南非经济继续保持低速增长(%左右),预计人均GDP在6100美元左右(GDP总量约为3680亿美元);印度经济在2019年遭遇到了巨大压力,经济实际增速由以往的7%以上,下降到三季度的%。

South Africa's economy continues to grow at a slow pace (around%) in 2019, with GDP per capita projected at around $6100($368bn), while India's economy has come under intense pressure in 2019, with real growth falling from more than 7% in the past to% in the third quarter.

按目前公开的数据分析,2019年第四季度印度经济增速仍很不理想,因此2019年的经济实际增速在5%以下的可能性非常大。南生认为,今年印度GDP总量在万亿美元左右,人均GDP预计在2100美元到2200美元之间。

India's economic growth in the fourth quarter of 2019 is still not ideal, according to the data now available, so it is highly likely that the real growth rate in 2019 will be below 5%. Mr Nan believes India's gross domestic product this year is around $trillion, with per capita GDP expected to range from $2,100 to $2,200.